Mel's Loop
A Comprehensive Guide to The Story of Mel

Mel Kaye – CV

The Life and Work of Mel Kaye, A Real Programmer (1931-2018)
Tomer Lichtash

Mel Kaye, 1952

Mel Kaye (Melvin Kornitzky) was a software engineer, employed at Librascope and at Royal McBee in New York and Los Angeles between the years 1956-1960. Among other programs, he developed a Blackjack game for two models of first-generation digital computers – the LGP-30 and the RPC-4000. His Blackjack game was highly regarded by fellow engineers and computer science students. Mel also conceived the ingenious hack described in The Story of Mel by Ed Nather, which was published on the internet in 1983. Ed Nather’s story won Mel world fame in the hacking community and is regarded as a seminal epic in hacking folklore.

Mel was born on January 14th, 1931, in Brooklyn, NY, as Melvin Kornitzky, son of Esther and Herman Kaye, and younger sibling of Shirley (born April 27th, 1926). During his early childhood, the family relocated to the West Coast and later settled in Lemon Grove, Los Angeles.

After passing away in 2018, Mel was buried in Pierce Brothers Valley Oaks-Griffin Memorial Park, Los Angeles.

Mel’s grave at the Pierce Brothers Valley Oaks-Griffin Memorial Park, Los Angeles. Photo: Mel’s Loop

The University Years

Around 1948, Mel entered his undergraduate studies in UCLA, still under the name Melvin Kornitzky. This name was used in the 1951 university yearbook, but in the 1952 issue he was already named Melvin Kaye. We don’t know which faculties he attended and whether or not he majored in any discipline.

During his academic studies, Mel was a member of the Jewish fraternity Tau Delta Phi, which ended its activity in the 1970s.

After graduating in 1952, during the Stevenson/Eisenhower presidential race, Mel and his father Herman Kaye registered in the Los Angeles voters book.

Mel’s portrait, as Melvin Kornitzky, in the UCLA 1951 yearbook (Source:

Mel’s portrait, under the name Melvin Kaye, in the UCLA 1951 yearbook (Source:

Mel and Herman Kaye in the voters index list, 1952

Programming in the Early Years of the Computer Era

In the summer of 1956, Mel Joined the commercial department of Librascope, a technology unit in the General Precision company, which had won a few government contracts to build military devices. General Precision’s main business was military technologies for aerial and naval warfare. In the mid 1950s, it started developing a first-generation digital computer branded LGP-30, incorporating a dedicated development unit into its Royal McBee subsidiary. Royal McBee was tasked with marketing and selling the LPG-30.

Mel worked as an application engineer in the commercial development group of Librascope, housed in the modern and luxurious building #3 at the company campus in Glendale, California. Among his other responsibilities, he helped teaching customers how to program the LGP-30. About a month after he was recruited to the job, Mel and many of his colleagues were transferred to Royal McBee, where he wrote the Blackjack program which became the company’s flagship software.

When Royal McBee was getting ready to launch its new computer, the RPC-4000, Mel ported the game for this platform. In addition, he wrote parts of the machine’s assembler and helped Ed Nather write its Fortran compiler. In the early 1960s, following some difference of opinions with the management, Mel left Royal McBee. The only relics from his work are The Story of Mel, a few photocopies of handwritten computer code and the preface he had written for the ported Blackjack program.

July 1956: The meeting room at Librascope's headquarters, featuring the Librascope team, Mel, and potential customers (Source: Librascope Memories)

It seems that Mel’s recruitment to Librascope was hastened, possibly due to increased demand by the company’s customers. In July of 1956, the company’s internal magazine (Librazette) published a piece about the company’s instruction and support program for LGP-30 users. Mel, 25 years old at the time, was mentioned among the engineers who led the program. Only a month later did the Librazette publish a greeting for new hires, among which Mel was listed as a member of the Engineering and Commerce department.

The Librazette, July 1956 (Source: Librascope Memories)

Mel’s work in Librascope and Royal McBee was diverse and apparently lasted around 4 years, until 1960. In July 1961, the Librazette greeted the veteran employees – those who had completed five years or more in the company, nicknamed Libravetes. Mel’s name was absent from this list.

Librazette, July 1961 (Source: Librascope Memories)

Code Remnants

A few handwritten code fragments, probably in his own handwriting, survived from Mel’s work in Librascope. Below are some code sheets from Bill Breiner’s archive, along with a preface that Mel had written for the Blackjack game.

Hexadecimal Punch Print, October 1956, Signed by M. Kaye

Alphanumeric Printout Subroutine, March 1957, Signed by MK

Illustrative Example for Floating Point Interpretive System, June 1959, Signed by MK

Preface to Mel's Blackjack game. Full text here

Origins: Coast to Coast Migration

Little is known about Mel’s parents. Most of the relevant details in various databases pertain to the family of Mel’s father, Kornitzka.

Mel’s father, Herman Kaye, was born on May 2nd, 1905 in Warsaw, Poland as Nechemje Kornitzka. At the tender age of two, he immigrated to the United States with his mother, Hela Kornitzka (Mel’s grandmother). They boarded the cargo ship Estonia, operated by the East Asiatic company to sail from Russia to the US. Upon their arrival, they changed their family name to Kornitzky and settled in Brooklyn, New York. Later on, they changed their name again, this time using the American sounding name, Kaye.

Hela Kornitzka, Mel's paternal grandmother, appearing in the manifest of the SS Estonia, sailing from Europe to Ellis Island in 1907. Two rows below her name appears the name of her son, Nechemje, who became Herman Kaye, Mel's father (Photo by Mel's Loop; Source: Ellis Island Foundation)

Mel’s mother, Esther Fietelewitch, was born in 1907 to a Russian-Jewish family. Her father, Abraham, worked in construction, while her mother was a homemaker. The household language was Yiddish. The Fietelewitches immigrated to the United States in the 1920s and settled in Watkins st., Brooklyn, NYC. Esther grew up there, along with her two brothers and sister: Benny, Sam, and Celia.

Herman Kaye and Esther Fietelewitch were married on June 27, 1925. Herman was in the TV manufacturing business and later started a successful mobile home company. Esther was a homemaker.

Herman Kaye passed away on December 16th, 1979, in Anaheim, Los Angeles. Esther Kaye passed away on January 15th, 1994, in Orange County, Los Angeles. The two are buried side by side in the Beth Olam cemetery, Los Angeles.


An American Family

On May 24th, 1953, Mel married Rita Bernstein, born in England on May 27th, 1933. Only two years before their marriage, On January 30th, 1951, she boarded the SS Britannic which sailed from Liverpool to New York, on her way to start a new life in the US. Shortly after their marriage, the couple applied for Rita’s American citizenship. She passed away on July 30th, 2011, and was buried in the Valley Oaks Memorial park. 7 years later, Mel would find his final resting next to her.

Marriage registration for Mel Kaye and Rita Bernstein, NYC City Clerk

Rita Kaye’s tombstone in the Pierce Brothers Valley Oaks-Griffin Memorial Park cemetery

Rita Kaye’s citizenship application (Source:

Along with Rita’s naturalization application, the expanding Kaye family applied to grant citizenship to Mel’s father, Herman.

Herman Kaye’s citizenship application (Source:

Final Words

Mel never sought (or even acknowledged) his glory in the hacking culture. In fact, only one person managed to track him down and extract a few words out of him. Anthony Cuozzo, a computer programmer and hacking folklore buf who grew to admire the character portrayed in The Story of Mel. Following a clue he uncovered during his search for Mel, he wrote an email to (possibly an acronym for Rita and Mel), hoping it would reach the legendary engineer. Our research in the Mel’s Loop project supports Cuozzo’s hunch.

Thus wrote Anthony Cuozzo on April 2012:

Anthony Cuozzo <acuozzo@***.********.***>
Tue, Apr 17, 2012 at 10:59 AM

Hello Mel,
Did you once work for Librascope Inc. or Royal McBee?
Anthony Cuozoo's email to Mel Kaye, 2012

Within an hour, Mel replied:

Mel Kaye <>
Tue, Apr 17, 2012 at 12:01 PM
To: acuozzo@***.********.***

Yes, I did, many, many years ago I worked for both of them.
I believe I worked for Royal McBee first.
Mel Kaye
Mel's final email

Upon receiving the reply, Cuozzo tried to continue the correspondence, but Mel fell silent. There are probably more chapters in this story. The research continues.

Recommended Reading

Find more information about The Story of Mel in these articles:

(cc) Mel's Loop
A Comprehensive Guide to The Story of Mel

Mel’s Loop is a guide to the epic hacker folklore tale "The Story of Mel". It also aims to collect the stories and sub-stories around the tale, its author, and its main characters, as well as early computing era stories and other related tales.